Postural Correction II

This article will reflect flow from daily actions based on our occupation or daily routine to deformity and how we can reverse the process.

The effects of aging on joints are influenced by genetic factors and by wear and tear and vary considerably from one person to another. Although degenerative changes in joints may begin as early as age 20. Degeneration is results from a combination of aging, obesity, irritation of the joints, muscle weakness due to lack of exercises, incorrect postures, wear and abrasion. Commonly known as wear and tear. Stretching and aerobic exercises that attempt to maintain full range of motion are helpful in minimizing the effects of aging. They help to maintain the effective functioning of ligaments, tendons, muscles, synovial fluid and articulate cartilages.

Let’s see the flow from action to deformity to rehabilitation to cure to prevention to rejuvenation to
achieving the change as permanent change.

Daily Actions and Routine (Counselling, History report)

Posture

Shortening of set of muscles

Pain/Stress

Deformity

Analyzing the deformity

Analyzing the postural change and its reasons

Analyzing form of work/ routine

Recognizing the involved set of muscles

Planning therapy/ postures and stretches

Counter stretch

Relief from pain

Awareness and inherit knowledge (counselling)

Permanent postural correction

As per the flow, initially we must understand the daily routine and pattern of work and actions related to that. Even we must understand the genetic reasons behind the deformity if any or is the deformity completely mechanically. If the deformity is genetic or any medical condition is involved, it is best to consult the doctor. The mechanical deformity can be reversed through postural correction. 

Ones the detail understanding is established regarding the work pattern, we can define the set of muscles related to it and its effects on joints, as the main reason is shortening of the muscles around it. We will understand regarding joints and its effects in the later article. With study of joints, we also learn about the degenerative process in the joint and following strain on muscles, friction in joints, pain, distress, nerve compression or pinching around that area. Usually the distress part is not actually the area of distress for the person. But because of distress, the person starts making adjustments and changes in the normal bodily postures and the muscles are overloaded by performing its own action and also acting as support. These muscles are the antagonist muscles mentioned in the earlier article. If the problem is at earlier stage of distress where there is no postural adjustment, then the cure is comparatively faster since the recognition of the problem is done at early stage. Ones the initial analyzing, postural adjustment, physiological changes (muscular skeletal) is establishes, we can plan stretches, postures and proper therapy. Since the therapy has reduced the pain and distress, the person is highly motivated to understand, learn and bring awareness and gain knowledge regarding the postural adjustments and later postural corrections we have done. This part is very important, the effect has to be sustained for life time. At this stage counselling to the person is also necessary to motivate him to follow and keep practicing exercises forever.

Degenerative process takes place because of wear and tear. Every joint has its speciality and movement. Pressure on joints or muscles due to wrong actions, injury, accident leads to degenerative process of the joints thus damaging the joint. With that starts friction of the joints, leading to pain and strain on the muscles. Injury leads to pressure on supportive joints and muscles thus pressure on nerves resulting in pain, strain, numbness and tickling effect on corresponding appendages. Tablets will release pain, but this is mechanical changes.

Mechanical changes must be handled mechanically. Understanding these changes and with counter stretch rehabilitation and rejuvenation process can be done. The overall goal of stretching is to achieve normal range of motion of joints and mobility of soft tissues surrounding the joints. For most individuals, the best stretching routine involves static stretching, that is, slow sustained stretching that holds a muscle in a lengthened position. The muscles should be stretched to the point of slight discomfort (not pain) and held for about 15- 30 seconds. Stretching should be with your own strengthen and not with any external force. Stretching should be done after warming up to increase the range of motion most effectively. Among the benefits of stretching are the following: Improved physical performance: a flexible joint has the ability to move through a greater range of motion, which improves performance. Decreased risk of injury: stretching decreases resistance in various soft tissues so there is less likelihood of exceeding maximum tissue extensibility during activity (that is injury the soft tissue). Reduced muscle soreness: stretching can reduce some of the muscle soreness that results after exercises. Improved posture: poor posture results from improper position of various parts of the body and the effects of gravity over number of years. Stretching can help realign soft tissues to improve and maintain good posture. In the next article we will study postural changes with reference to joints and their movements.